Complete Article about Rabi-ul-Awwal (Rabi-ul-Awwal ke haqeeqat) in English By Mufti Taqi Usmani

Complete Article about Rabi-ul-Awwal (Rabi-ul-Awwal ke haqeeqat) in English By Mufti Taqi Usmani

 

Complete Article about Rabi-ul-Awwal (Rabi-ul-Awwal ke haqeeqat) in English By Mufti Taqi Usmani

Rabi’ul-Awwal

By Mufti Taqi Usmani

– From Superstitions into light-weight
– Moslem Celebrations
– No Birthdays
– The Origins of Christmas
– Original Moslem Resources
– what’s Wrong with These Celebrations
– The Transformation of Christmas
– the faith is Complete
– Disagreement concerning Date
– up to date Seerah conferences and Islamic law
– Real Message of Seerah

From Superstitions into light-weight

Rabi’ul-Awwal is that the most vital month within the Moslem history, as a result of humanity has been blessed during this month by the birth of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam. Before the birth of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, not solely the Arabian Peninsula, however conjointly the supposed civilized nations of Rome and Persia were submerged within the darkness of mental object, superstitions, oppression and unrest. The Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, came with the eternal truth of Tawhid (Oneness of Allah), the sole religion that provides a firm basis for the $64000 ideas of data, equity and peace. it absolutely was this religion that delivered humanity from mental object and superstitions and unfold the sunshine of true data everywhere the planet.

Islamic Celebrations

Thus the birth of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, was the foremost vital and also the most exceptional event in human history. Had there been area in Moslem teachings for the celebration of birthdays or anniversaries, the birthday of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, would have beyond question due it over the birthday of the other person. however that’s against the character of Moslem teachings. that’s why, not like Judaism, Christianity, and Hinduism, there ar only a few festivals in Islam, that provides for under 2 Eids (Eidul-fitr and Eidul-Adha) throughout the total year. The dates of those 2 Eids don’t correspond to the birthday of any of the outstanding persons of Moslem history, nor will their origin be attributed to any explicit event of history that had happened in these dates.

Both of those 2 Eids are prescribed for paying feeling to God on some happy events that happen each year. the primary event is that the completion of the fasts of Ramadan and also the second event is that the completion of pilgrimage, another style of worship thought to be one amongst the 5 pillars of Islam.

The manner prescribed for the celebration of those 2 Eids (festivals) is additionally totally different from non-Islamic festivals. There are not any formal processions, illumination or alternative activities showing formal happiness. On the contrary, there ar congregational prayers and informal mutual visits to every alternative, which might offer real happiness rather than its symbols solely.

No Birthdays

On the opposite hand, Islam has not prescribed any pageant for the birthday of somebody, but nice or vital he could also be. The prophets of God ar the persons of the very best standing amongst all kinsfolk. however the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, or his noble companions ne’er determined the birthday or day of any of them. Even the birthday of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, that was the foremost happy day for the total man was ne’er celebrated by the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, himself, nor by his blessed Companions.

The Companions of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, remained alive once him for a couple of century, however despite their unequalled and profound love towards the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, they ne’er celebrated the birthday or the death day of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam. Instead, they devoted their lives for promoting the reason behind Islam, for transfer his teachings into observe, for conveyance his message to the four corners of the planet and for establishing the Moslem order in each walk of life.

The Origins of Christmas

In fact, ceremonial the birth of a distinguished person has ne’er been prescribed by any faith attributing itself to divine revelation. it absolutely was originally a custom current in pagan communities solely. Even Christmas, the far-famed Christian feast ceremonial the birth of Good Shepherd finds no mention within the Bible or within the early Christian writings. it absolutely was solely within the fourth century once the ascension of Good Shepherd that Christmas was recognized as a daily Christian feast. To quote the Collier’s Encyclopedia:

“It is not possible to see the precise date of the birth of Christ, either from the proof of the gospels, or from any sound tradition. throughout the primary 3 centuries of the Christian era there was goodish opposition within the Church to the pagan custom of celebrating birthdays, though there’s some indication that a strictly spiritual commemoration of the birth of Christ was enclosed within the feast of Epiphany. Clement of Alexandria mentions the existence of the feast in Egypt concerning the year A.D. two hundred and that we have some proof that it absolutely was determined on numerous dates in scattered areas. once the triumph of Constantine, the Church at Rome appointed Gregorian calendar month twenty five because the date for the celebration of the feast, probably a couple of.D. 320 or 353. By the top of the fourth century the total Christian world was celebrating Christmas on it day, with the exception of the japanese Churches, wherever it absolutely was celebrated on Twelfth day. the selection of Gregorian calendar month twenty five was most likely influenced by the very fact that on at the moment the Romans celebrated the faith feast of the god, which the Saturnalia conjointly came at now.” (Collier’s encyclopaedia 1984 male erecticle dysfunction, v. 6, p. 403).

A similar description of the origin of Christmas is found in-the encyclopaedia Britannica with some a lot of details. Its following passage can throw a lot of light-weight on the point:

“Christmas wasn’t among the earliest festivals of the Church, and before the fifth century there was no general agreement of opinion on once it ought to are available the calendar, whether or not on January. 6, Annunciation Day or Dec. 25. The earliest identification of Dec. twenty five with the birthday of Christ is in a very passage, otherwise unknown and possibly spurious, of the philos of town (c.180), preserved in Latin by the Magdeburyg centuriators (i, 3, 118), to the result that the Gauls contended that since they celebrated the birth of Lord on Dec. 25, in order that they got to celebrate the resurrection on Annunciation Day. A passage, nearly actually interpolated, in ‘Hippelates’ (c. 202) comment on Daniel iv, 23, says that Logos was born at Bethlehem on Wednesday, Dec. 25, within the forty second year of national leader, however he mentions no feast, and such a feast, indeed, would conflict with the then orthodox ideas. As late as 245, Origin (hem. viii on Leviticus) disowned the thought of keeping the birthday of Christ “as if he were a king Pharaoh”. (Britannica, 1953 ed. v. 5, p.642)

These 2 quotes ar over sufficient  to prove the subsequent points:

1. The commemoration of birthdays was originally a pagan custom, ne’er recognized by a divine scripture or sibyllic teaching.

2. the precise date of the Birth of Sayyidna ‘Isa is unknown and not possible to be discovered.

3. The commemoration of the birth of Good Shepherd wasn’t a recognized observe within the early centuries of the Christian history.

4. it absolutely was within the fourth or fifth century that it absolutely was recognized as a spiritual feast, and that, too, underneath the influence of the pagans WHO idolized god.

5. There was a powerful opposition against the ceremonial of the birthday by the first Christian students like Origin, on the bottom that it’s originally a custom of pagans and idolaters.

Original Moslem Resources

In original Moslem resources, conjointly we tend to cannot realize any instruction concerning the celebration of birthdays or death anniversaries. several Companions of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, gave up the ghost throughout his life-time. His beloved married woman Sayyidah Khadijah, Radi-Allahu anha, gave up the ghost in Makkah. His beloved uncle Sayyidna Hamzah, Radi-Allahu anhu was viciously slaughtered throughout the battle of Uhud. however the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, ne’er determined their birthday or their death anniversaries, nor did he ever advise his followers to celebrate his own birthday in Rabi’ul-Awwal.

What is Wrong with These Celebrations

The reason for abstinence from such celebrations is that they divert the eye of individuals from the $64000 teachings of Islam towards the observance of some formal activities solely. Initially, these celebrations could begin with utmost piousness and with a true intention to pay deference to a pious person. Yet, the expertise shows that the celebration is ultimately needed with a component of festivity and rejoicing and is usually confused with lay festivals and also the lay, and infrequently sinful, activities creep into it bit by bit.

The Transformation of Christmas

The example of Christmas can once more be relevant. This Christian feast was originally innovated to commemorate the birth of Good Shepherd and, of course, to recollect his teachings. however once the occasion had been recognized as a feast, all the lay parts of public festivals crept in. the subsequent quotation from the encyclopaedia Britannia is price attention:

“For many centuries Christmas was only a church day determined by spiritual services. however as Christianity unfold among the individuals of pagan lands, several of the practices of the solstice were integrated with those of Christianity attributable to the liberal ruling of Bishop of Rome, the great, and also the cooperation of the missionaries. Thus, Christmas became each {religious|spiritual|non lay} and secular in its celebration, occasionally reverent, at others gay.”

Then, what reasonably activities are adopted to celebrate Christmas is mentioned within the next paragraphs of that the subsequent quote is a lot of pertinent here:

“Merrymaking came to own a share in Christmas observance through fashionable enthusiasm even whereas stress was on the spiritual part. … within the altogether clad nice halls of the feudalistic lords, whose welcome extended to any or all their friends, tenants and social unit, was sailing, feasting, singing and games, dancing, masquerading and mummers presenting pantomimes and masques were all a part of the festivities.” (Encyclopedia Britannica, 1953 v. 5, p. 643)

This is enough to point out on however AN apparently innocent feast of reverence was reborn into a lay pageant wherever the festivity and seeking enjoyment by no matter suggests that took preference over all the spiritual and religious activities.

Being totally tuned in to this human scientific discipline, Islam has ne’er prescribed, nor inspired the observance of birthdays and anniversaries, and once such celebrations ar determined as an area of the faith, they’re altogether taboo.

The Religion is Complete

The Holy Qur’an has clearly pronounced on the occasion of the last pilgrimage of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam: “Today, I even have completed the teachings of your faith.” [Al-Maida 5:3]

It means all the teachings of Islam were communicated to the Muslims through the Holy Qur’an and also the hadith of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam. nobody is allowed once it to feature any issue to them as an area of faith. What wasn’t an area of faith throughout the period of time of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, will ne’er become a part of it. Such additions ar termed by the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, as Bid’ah or innovation.

Thus, the observance of the twelfth of Rabi’ul-Awwal as a spiritual feast isn’t guaranteed by any verse of the Holy Qur’an or by any teaching of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam. Had it been an area of the faith it’d are clearly ordered or practiced by the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, and his blessed companions or, at least, by their immediate pupils. however no example of the celebration of the occasion will be derived move into the first centuries of the Moslem history. it absolutely was once several centuries [Albalagh Note: consistent with Maulana Yusuf Ludhinavi it absolutely was within the year 604 A.H.] that some monarchs started perceptive the twelfth of Rabi’ul-Awwal because the birthday of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, while not a sound spiritual basis, and also the congregations within the name of Maulood or Milad were command wherever the history of the birth of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, wont to be narrated.

Disagreement concerning the Date

The observance of the twelfth of this month because the birthday of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, isn’t solely AN innovation having no basis within the Moslem teachings, however the accuracy of this date because the real birthday of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, is additionally pretty much doubted. There ar totally different dates prompt in several traditions, and also the majority of the authentic students is inclined to carry that the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, was born on the ninth of Rabi’ul-Awwal. This distinction of opinion is another proof to prove that the observance of the birthday isn’t an area of the faith, otherwise its precise date would are preserved with accuracy.

The lifetime of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, is, no doubt, the foremost vital supply of steering for all the Muslims, and each Muslim is underneath AN obligation to be told and study the events of his life, and to follow the sensible example set by him in each sphere of life. The narration of his pious life story (the Seerah) in itself could be a pious act, that invitations the divine blessings, however the Holy Qur’an and also the hadith haven’t prescribed a selected time or technique for it. This pious act ought to be performed altogether the months and the least bit the days. The month of Rabi’ul-Awwal has not been selected by the Islamic law as a special season for holding such congregations to commemorate the birth or lifetime of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam. it’s therefore AN innovation (Bid’ah) to limit the Seerah conferences to the month of Rabi’ul Awwal solely, or to believe that the conferences command during this month ar warrant a lot of reward than the conferences endured the other date throughout the year. In fact, the Companions of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, wont to commemorate the lifetime of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, throughout the year, not solely by learning and conveyance his message to others, however conjointly by following his manner of life and acting upon his teachings in every and each branch of their activities, and this can be precisely what a Muslim is needed and speculated to do.

By this we tend to don’t mean that the Seerah conferences shouldn’t be command within the month of Rabi’ul-Awwal. the purpose is merely that they must not be restricted thereto, nor ought to it’s believed that the Islamic law has arranged  any reasonably stress on holding such conferences during this explicit month.

Another purpose that ought to continuously be unbroken in mind whereas holding such conferences is that they need to be in complete conformity with the principles of Islamic law. A Muslim is meant to abide by the principles of Islamic law altogether his activities. however a minimum of the conferences command within the memory of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, ought to be free from all the acts taboo by the Islamic law.

Contemporary Seerah conferences and Islamic law

It is usually determined, particularly within the Western countries, that the individuals hold the Seerah conferences wherever men and girls sit along while not perceptive the principles of hijab prescribed by the Islamic law. The teachings of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, ar clearly against such mixed gatherings. however will a Seerah meeting bring fruits wherever such elementary teachings of the Islamic law ar overtly violated?

In some conferences the Na’ts (poems) within the memory of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, ar recited by the ladies before the male audience, typically with music, that is completely against the directions of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam. it’s clearly prohibited by the Islamic law to carry such conferences or to participate in them, as a result of it’s not solely a violation of the Islamic law rules, however it’s AN affront to the quality of the Seerah of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam.

All alternative activities, usually practiced on the twelfth of Rabi’ul-Awwal, like holding processions, constructing the mock tombs of the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, and illumination of the buildings and also the roads don’t seem to be guaranteed by any rule of the Islamic law. Rather they’re supported acutely aware or unconscious imitation of bound alternative religions. No example of such activities will be derived out from the sooner Moslem history.

Real Message of Seerah

What is very vital with relation to the Holy Prophet, Sall-Allahu alayhi Evergreen State sallam, is, first, to follow his teachings, and second to form his pious Seerah accessible to each Muslim, to preserve it within the hearts of the Muslims from the terribly childhood, to coach the members of the family to run their lives consistent with it and to carry it because the most wonderful example of the human conduct the universe has ever witnessed — and every one this with utmost love and reverence, not manifested by some formal activities solely, however conjointly through actual behavior of following the hadith. This can not be done by simply holding processions and illuminating the walls. this needs constant and consistent efforts and a pregnant program of education and coaching.

Sources: by Albalagh

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