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About Scotland Flag:
According to legend, in 832 A.D. King Óengus (II) (or King Angus) led the Picts and Scots in battle against the Angles under a king called Athelstan near modern-day Athelstaneford in East Lothian. King Angus and his men were surrounded in which he prayed for deliverance. During the night Saint Andrew, who was martyred on a saltire cross, seemed to Angus and assured him of victory. A white saltire against the background of a blue sky appeared to both sides on the following morning. The Picts and Scots were heartened by this, but the Angles lost confidence and had been beaten. This saltire design has been the Scottish flag ever since.
Material evidence of the saltire’s use dates from somewhat later. In 1385 the Parliament of Scotland decreed that Scottish soldiers should wear the saltire as being a distinguishing mark. The earliest surviving Scottish flag consisting solely of the saltire dates from 1503: a white cross for a background that is red. By 1540 the legend of King Angus had been altered to include the vision of the cross against a blue sky. Thereafter, this saltire design in its present form became the nationwide banner of Scotland.
Inverse representations (blue saltire on a white industry) of the Scottish Saltire are also used outside Scotland. The first colonial venture of the Kingdom of Scotland into the Americas in Canada, an inverse representation of the Saltire, combined with the shield from the Royal Arms of the Kingdom of Scotland, forms the modern flag of the Canadian Province of Nova Scotia.
In Russia, during the period before and after the Soviet Union, the naval ensign of the Russian Navy happens to be an inverse representation of the Cross of Saint Andrew. (Saint Andrew is also a patron saint of Russia). Ab muscles Saltire that is same was flown as the flag of Galicia in Spain until 1891, whenever Russia requested the Galician flag to be modified in order to avoid confusion between Galician vessels and Russian Navy ships. The current Galician banner is really the original blue-over-white saltire but without one of this hands of the cross.
The U.S. state of Alabama’s flag is officially “a crimson cross of St. Andrew on a field of white,” however the reference is utilized only to describe the shape without using the term that is vexillological as that flag’s origins are from either or both of the Confederate Battle Flag or the Cross of Burgundy Flag, both of that have saltires and tend to be associated with the history of that state. Likewise, the Spanish island of Tenerife and the remote Colombian islands of San Andrés and Providencia additionally make use of the saltire on their flags.
The Scottish Saltire is also used unofficially by students and graduates of Xavier University because of the university’s blue and white colors that are official the resemblance of this flag to the page “X”. It is also the flag for St. Andrew’s Scots School, Argentina (founded in 1838) and its “spinoff” university Universidad de San Andrés.
The municipality that is dutch of, known as after the Scottish princess Saint Oda, additionally makes use of the Saltire since the foundation of its flag.